If no one is clear whether anything should be a fire door, if the fire door will compromise the style, or if the fire door is up to code, fire doors can be a source of concern for homeowners, landlords, and tenants alike! We’ve compiled a list of some of the most often asked questions about fire doors so you can decide whether or not you want them, where they’ll go, and how they’ll look.
Fire doors are normally constructed with a solid core and solid wood for the majority of the door. They are hefty and thick, usually 10mm thicker than standard internal doors, due to their construction.
Fire doors, fire-rated frames, fire-rated hinges, fire-rated handles, and intumescent smoke seals are all part of a fire door system. When these seals heat up, they expand, preventing smoke from spreading from one area to the next. According to Home Office fire statistics from April 2015 to March 2016, inhaling too much hazardous smoke is the cause of death in 36% of fire fatalities.
Are fire doors required by law?
If you’re running a family house, it relies on the arrangement of your property. However, there are other considerations for landlords of privately rented housing and buildings with multiple occupants (HMOs). Use our fire door guide for private rental accommodation or our fire door guide for residential buildings.
What is the best way to inspect fire doors?
Using this simple 5-step approach, ensure that your fire doors are certified and in good working order:
Look for a certification sticker on the top or side of the door. This should tell you what type of fire rating the door has.
Check the gaps around the top and sides of the door with a £1 coin. There should be a 4mm gap, which means there should be 1mm of space left over when verifying with a £1 coin. If there are any more, the door may not function properly.
Is there any damage to the seals around the door or door frame? The door may be damaged if they are dangling or appear to be loose.
Are the hinges secure and tight? The door hasn’t been maintained if they’re loose or wobbling.
Is the door properly shut when you open it and let it close halfway by itself? If that’s the case, it’s in good working shape.
Is it possible to have glazed fire doors?
Glazed fire doors are totally possible! Because the door is a safety element, there’s no reason to sacrifice design and personal flair. Some even say that fire doors with glazing are safer since you can see possible danger via the glass without having to open the door and risk damaging it!
Is it possible to paint fire doors?
Fire doors can be painted with standard paint, but it’s recommended that it’s not too thick and that there aren’t too many layers if the door is repainted. Paint should not be used on fire door hardware such as hinges, handles, or fire seals. Most good paint suppliers sell fire-rated paint, but any paint will do as long as it adheres to the above guidelines. Our guide will show you how to paint a door frame while avoiding the smoke seals.
Is it possible to lock fire doors?
In shared housing where there are fire doors, tenants may choose to lock their bedroom doors. How can you allow this without jeopardizing the renters’ safety because the bedroom must have fire doors? Choose locks that unlock with a key on the outside but can be locked/unlocked with a latch on the inside for bedroom doors (like night latches) and other common spaces. This implies that tenants in the room can swiftly leave without having to look for a key.
This commercial fire door is kept open by a magnet, as shown in the figure to the right. When the fire alarm goes off, this magnet opens the door, allowing it to close and contain the fire.
Is it possible to repair fire doors?
In reality, it would depend on the extent of the door’s damage, which can only be determined by a licensed professional. If there is evident damage to the door, we recommend replacing it with a new fire door simply to be safe.
What are the functions of fire door hinges?
Fire door hinges are made to meet the same fire-rating requirements as the door they’re supporting. They’re made to withstand extreme heat without warping, twisting, or deforming, keeping the fire door in place and secure. They must be present in order for a fire door system to be certified. Because fire doors are substantially heavier and thicker than conventional doors, they are frequently built with three hinges rather than two.
What are FD30 fire doors, and what do they do?
FD30 is a fire rating designation that indicates a door’s ability to withstand a fire for at least 30 minutes. It’s possible that the door will no longer be able to keep the flames contained beyond that moment. While 30 minutes is plenty of time to get out of a building or home, it does not allow you to retrieve your valuables. We must emphasize that the sooner you leave the building, the better.
What criteria are used to rate fire doors?
A fire door system, often known as a set, is more than just a fire door. The fire door must be properly placed into a fire-rated frame, complete with fire-rated hinges, intumescent seals, and any other necessary hardware (like fire-rated glazing). Because fire doors are tested as a set, simply installing an FD30 fire door without the other parts would not provide 30 minutes of fire protection.